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A N 



Method of attaining a graceful Attitude, an 
agreeable Motion, an eafy Air, and a gen- 
teel Behaviour, 

H E Head, being the principal Part of the human Figure, 
muft be firft confider'd, becaufe it entirely governs all the 
Reft, and when properly fituated, ere<5t and free, the Neck 
will appear in its true Proportion, the Shoulders will retain 
their proper Places, the Cheft will grow broad and full> 
and the Breaft round ; the Back will be ftraight and light, and affiftant 
to the Motion of the Hipps, they to the Motion of the Knees, and the 
Knees, in like Manner, to the Feet. 

A Eat 


But if the Head be improperly fituated, by projeding forward, it fpoils the 
true Proportion of the Neck, which can never be remedied by faftning 
Collars or Bandages to draw it back ( a Cuftom too prevalent in the Infancy 
of the Female Sex ) but on the contrary, by confining the Neck in fuch a 
Manner, it is not only painful to it, but of bad Confequence, for it is there- 
by deprived of due Nourifliment, and the free Communication between the 
Head and Body is greatly obftrudled j the Shoulders too, by a Head fo placed, 
are drawn out of their proper Places, which certainly renders the Cheft nar- 
row, and the Breaft, becoming hollow, retrains the Freedom of Breath- 
ing, the Back grows heavy and burthen fome to the Hipps, they to the 
Knees, and the Knees to the Feet. 

And as a Perfon, whofe Head is rightly placed, is capable of Standing, 
Walking, Dancing, or performing any genteel Exercife in a graceful, eafy 
and becoming Manner j the Perfon, whofe Head is wrong placed, is 
wholly incapable of Standing, Walking, Dancing, or performing any 
Exercife but with Difficulty, and in a Manner very aukward and unbe- 

I fliall next confider the Feet as of great Importance to the Air, Grace 
and Motion of the human Figure; if they are turn'd inwards, the Hipps 
will feem heavy and mifplaced, but if turn'd outwards will appear firm, 
yet light and eafy. The Heels fhould be rather low than high, for if 
low, the Eafe, Strength and true Proportion of the Perfon is preferved ; if 
high they cannot be eafy or fafe, but on the contrary will deftroy the 
Strength and true Proportion of the Limbs, by draining the Infteps and 
Ancles, and forcing the Knees forward in fuch a Manner as will prevent 
ftanding or moving upright, but in pain and fear of falling at every Step, as 
is too obvious in many of the Fair Sex, to whom, in compliance with the 



cuftomary Complaifance ufed by Perfons of Politenefs, the Preference iii 
the following Defcriptions muft be given. 

For a flirther and better Explanation, Recourfe muft be had to the follow- 
ing Figures, which, with their Defcriptions, will fully inftrudt the willing 
Learner in the Rudiments of Genteel Behaviour. 

And firft to defcribe the true Way to make the Courtsie. 



The C O U R T S I E. 

H E Head muft be ere<5t, the Shoulders drawn back, the Arms 
fideways, neither forwards nor backwards but eafy, as in this 
Figure, not too clofe to the Body, for if fo they would hide the 
Shape and appear aukward. The Hands placed a-crofs not high or low, 
but to the Point of the Shape, the Infide of the Hands fhould be oppofed 
to the Breaft, the Fingers being eafy and a little feparated, the Wrifts muft 
bend inwards, but not fo much as to make the Arms appear Lame, and 
confequently difagreeable ; keep firm upon the Limbs from the Hipps 
downwards, then turn with eafe, and looking at the Perfon or Perfons to 
whom the Complement is iinended, take a Step fideways with either Foot 
and join the other to it; let the Eyes (being downcaft, as this Figure de- 
fcribes) difcover Humility and Refped, whilft bending not too much, but 
moderately, you make the Courtsie properly; then rifing from it gra- 
dually raife the Eyes fo too, and look with becoming Modefty. 





Defcribes the moft genteel Manner of 

Giving or Receiving any Thing. 


T O 


BSERVE well the eafy Difpofition of this Figure, and in 
that Manner approach with becoming Modefty and gentle 
Motion, not too near, nor Stop at too great Diftance, -for the 
one will oblige the Perfon you addrefs, to retire, the other to advance, both 
which will be wrong, and therefore muft be avoided, and the proper Dif- 
tance kept, then make the Courts ie in Manner as defcribed in the firfl 
Figure, and, as about to Deliver or Receive, prefent ^he Right Hand, and 
withdraw it a little, then prefenting it again. Give or Receive the Thing 
intended, and eafily withdrawing the Hand, till it comes to a circular 
Adtion, place it on the other, as dcleribed in the preceding Figure, and 
Courtsie as before; and if you quit the Place walk gently, and again 
CouRTSiE at the Door, or fome little Diftance from the Perfon 
Giving or Receiving. 

T H E 



Dcfcribes the proper Manner of 



H E Head muft be eredl and free to move, the Body alfo up* 
right, difengag'd and eafy, the Arms to the Point of the Elbow 
Ukewife falling gracefully, and the Hands a-crofs, as defcribed 
in tMs Figure; the Step muft be in Proportion to the Height, the Leg:, that 
moves foremoft muft come to the Ground with a ftrait Knee, and the Body 
will infenfibly move to that and leave the other Leg light and free to pafs 
forward in like Manner, at which Time, looking with decent Humility, 
and a fubmiffive Air, the Courtsie in pafling by may be properly made 
by joining the backward Foot to that which is foremoft, and finking and 
fifing gradually, then Walk as before. It is necefiary to obferve that it 
will be imptadticable to Dance, or perform any genteel Adlion of Exercife, 
without attaining this Method of Walking, which this Figure proves 
to be right ; for though from the Waift to the Feet the Limbs are not dif- 
cover'd, yet the Foot advanc'd ftanding firm and turn'd outwards, proves that 
Knee to be ftrait, whereas if the Foot was otherwife, the Knee would be fo 
too, and it is impofilble without being ftrait on the advanc'd Knee, to Wal k 
well, eafy, or graceful. v 

^^P^^ H E different Attitudes of the three Figures before mention'd, 
^grj^S being duly drawn from the Life, and the juft Proportions ftridlly 
^^^^^ obferved, are therefore worthy Notice and Imitation, which by 
a Uttle Pradlice (without other AfTiftance) may fully Inftrudt in the Manner 
of genteel Motion and Behaviour ; and having attained that Foundation, a 
Perfon may learn to Dance, and improve therein, in a fhort Time, and 
without Difficulty j for when the graceful Attitude and eafy Motion of Body 
and Limbs are known and perform'd. Dancing may be learn'd with more 
than ten times the Eafe to both Mafler and Scholar, and in lefs than a tenth 
Part of the Time that it will require without fuch a proper Introdudion. 

The Fourth Figure, with fome Explanation, will defcribe the pro- 
per Behaviour in Dancing. 






E E P the Head not quite upright, but incline it a little with 
graceful Motion and all imaginable Eafe ; let the Eyes appear 
lively and modeft, and the Face exprefs neither Mirth nor Gra- 
vity, but the Medium, which will form an amiable Mein and always be 
agreeable ; the Neck to the Shoulders, and from them to the Elbows and 
Wrifts are truly proportion'd, and a genteel Attitude plainly fhewn in this 
Figure; each Forefinger and Thumb muft hold the Petticoat, and the other 
Fingers be a little feparated ; the Body fliould have a little Swing in its 
Motion, jufl to avoid the Appearance of StifFnefs, and let the Feet appear 
well turn'd and without any Affectation, as in this Figure, which fhews 
certainly the proper Behaviour in Dancing, it appearing from Head to 
Foot modeft, light and eafy. 





# ^ ^ 



Will be affifting to the Defcription of 

Giving a HAND in a MINUET. 

^? ^ '^i' "S? 


Giving a HAND in a MINUET. 

H E Body muft reft on the left Foot light and graceful, the Head 
muft be turn'd free, and the Eyes look over the right Wrift at 
the Partner, the Shoulders remaining eafy, the Arm bending a 
little Circular and at the fame Diftance from the Body, as by this Figure, in 
Proportion, is exprefs'd ; for if the Hand be near the Body, the Elbow will 
project out (harp and the Wrift appear lame ; the Fingers muft notbeclofed 
nor too far feparated, the Forefinger and Thumb (tho' near each other) 
muft not join, nor the little Finger point out as if it had no Joints ; the Arm 
muft not fwing, nor the Wrift have a twifting Motion, but the Hand rifing 
from the Petticoat, with graceful Eafe, muft appear as you obferve in this 
Figure, then give the Hand, and on withdrawing it bend the Arm as before 
and let it fall eafy as it was rais'd, and in the Time that falls raife the other 
in like Manner. 

This Figure alfo fhews the right Foot properly turn'd outwards in the 
Adion of taking a Contre Temps, which is bending, fifing, and Aiding, 


{/r<'t>ft/int/ /o . Iff t'/ 'A'/ r//ti //letit. 



Defcribes the Manner of 

Giving both HANDS in a MINUET. 

r V »V ViV "vi\^ S?«V *V» Y ^ 

W .A^H^ fcV^ v«*Ka« vV*^ vVv 



Giving both HANDS in a MINUET. 

N the pi'eceding Figure, one Hand is offer'd, in this both j the 
Arms muft not come fuddenly to that Attitude, but with eafy, 
graceful Motion without flopping j this Figure fhews how high the 
Arms muft rife before the Hands turn to the Hands of the Partner j the circu- 
lar Action of both Arms is an Expreftion of Civility till the Hands are turn'd 
into thofe of the Partner j let the Looks and Adions, during the Dance, be 
wholly addrefs'd to the Partner ; keep Time in an eafy Motion ; avoid be- 
ing too near the Partner in the Dance, but finifti it without hurry ; paying 
the ufual Refpedts to the Company and the Partner, and parting in an eafy, 
obliging Manner, which will pleafe more than the Dance itfelf j on the 
contrary, if the Dance be finifh'd, and the Parting made in a hafty, carelefs 
Manner, it will Merit Cenfure, rather than Applaufe. 


^ ^ ^ ^» ^ ^ «^ * ^ ^ 4^ ^ ^ 

H E S E Delcrlptions of what is proper to be imitated and pradlfed 
before, and in, and at the finifliing the Dance, and the Cautions 
to avoid what is unbecoming and improper, has been carefully 
ftudicd, and is hereby recommended to the flrid: Obfcrvance of thofe among 
the Fair Sex, who had rather be, and appear, eafy, amiable, genteel and 
free in their Perfon, Mein, Air and Motions, than ftiff, aukward, deform'd 
and, confequently, difagreeable. 

^ ^ -i^- «^ *^ *^ ^ ^ 

S the Exteriour Part of the human Figure gives the firft ImprefHon, 
it will be no unpleafing Task to adorn that with the amiable Qua- 
lities of Decency and genteel Behaviour, which to accomplifh, it 
will be abfolutely neceflary to aflift the Body and Limbs with Attitudes and 
Motions eafy, free and graceful, and thereby diftinguifh the polite Gentle^ 
man from the mde Ruftick. The following Figures, in which are de- 
fcribed and delineated various Adions of the Gentleman in genteel Behaviour^ 
being taken from the Life, and the true Proportions ftridtly preferv'd, will, 
with the Affiftance of a little Defcription, fufficiently demonftrate that thofe 
agreeable Faculties may, by a curious Obfervance and pleafing Study of them, 
be fpeedily attained and pradifed without the tedious Introdudion too com- 
mon in learning the Art of Dancing, 

Without further Prelude I (hall proceed, as in the former Part of the Book 
to examine and defcribe the Gentleman in the following Figures. 

The firft: of which may be properly called the Foundation of all Exercifcj 
that is to Stand firm, yet eafy and without AfFedtation, 


E Standing. 


H E Head eredl and turnd, as in this Figure, will be right, as 
will the manly Boldnefs in the Face, temper'd with becoming 
Modefty ; the Lips muft be juft join'd to keep the Features re- 
gular } the Shoulders muft fall eafy, and be no farther drawn back than to 
form the Cheft full and round, which will preferve the true Proportion of 
the Body, but if they are too fur drawn back, the Cheft will appear to 
prominent, the Arms ftiti and lame, and the Back hollow, which will in- 
tirely fpoil the true Proportion, and therefore muft be carefully avoided j the 
Arms muft fall eafy, not clofe to the Sides, and the Bend of the Elbow, at 
its due Diftance, will permit the right Hand to place itfelf in the Waiftcoat 
eafy and genteel, as in this Figure is reprefented ; but any rifing or falling 
the Hand from that Place, will make it appear lame, and confequently dif- 
agreeable ; the Hat fhou'd be plac'd eafy under the left Arm, and that Wrift 
muft be free and ftrait, and the Hand fupport itfelf above the Sword-hilt j 
the Sword exadlly plac'd as ftiewn in this Figure, is the only proper and 
gei%teel Situation for it ; the whole Body muft reft on the right Foot, and 
the right Knee, as alfo the Back be kept ftraight ; the left Leg muft be 
foremoft, and only bear its own weight, and both Feet muft be turn'd out- 
wards, as fliewn by this Figure, neither more or lefs, but exadlly. 


HE Second Figure is intended to fhew the proper Manner 
of Walking, and paying the Complement of taking off the Hat 
pafiing by; and as many of the Gentlemen of dignified Stations 
in the Army do retain the mofl manly, yet eafy and genteel Attitudes and 
Motions, the following Figure is defigned to reprefent in one of their Officers, 
the Gentleman Walking and paying the Complement abovemention'd. 

Walking and Saluting paffing by. 

N Walking, the Perfon muft be eredl, not inclining backwards, the 
advanc'd Knee muft be ftrait, the Step moderate, and the whole Bo- 
dy and Limbs difengag'd, and free to move gracefully ; the right 
Arm muft rife to the Hat with moderate Motion fideways, the Wrift muft 
be ftrait, the Hand turn'd and its Palm fliewn, the Fingers muft be on the 
Brim, and the Forefinger extended on the Crown of the Hat, and the 
Thumb under the Brim ( near the Forehead ) which preferves the Shape 
and Faftiion ; and whilft taking it oft", let the Look and Adtion be com- 
plaifantly addrefs'd to the Perfon to whom the Complement is intended ; the 
left Arm ftiould fall neither backward nor forward ( both which wou'd look 
difagreeable ) but gently by the Side, difcovering the Infide, and holding the 
Glove in an eafy, carelefs Manner ; then being firm on the left Leg, the 
right will be at liberty to advance and make the Bow on the right Side ; but 
if the Perfon to be addrefs'd be on the left Side, the right Leg muft be firm 
and the left advance to perform the Complement. 


jift. A. ^ ^ 4^ ^ ^ >^ 



Reprefents the genteel Manner of 

Making the B O W with the Hat off. 

The BOW. 

H E preceding Figure reprcfented the right Hand ready to take 
off the Hat, and this Figure fhews it taken off. The Hand ap- 
pears to hold the Hat as in the preceding Defcription, the in_ 
fide of the Hat muff be difcovered, for if the outfide was fhewn the Arm 
wou'd feem lame ; both Arms muff advance with freedom, the Head a little 
inclining forwards to the Objed: of Addrefs ? the Eyes a little downcaft at 
the Time of the Complement, will fliew Refped:, which cannot be {hewn 
looking at the Perfon ; the left Leg (which in the laft Figure appears firm, 
and fupports the whole Body ) bends in this Figure, which affifts the right 
Leg to advance freely and make the Bow j but if the Perfon addrefs'd be on 
the left Side, the right Leg muft bend, and the left advance to perform the 
Complement j then in recovering the Bow the Body muft rife on the ad- 
. vanc'd Leg, which will leave the other free to pafs, and properly replacing 
-the Hat, Walk as before in an eafy, graceful Manner. 

I T 

T is an Obfervation (which cannot efcape Notice) that many 
Perfons retijing, or taking leave of any Perfon or Company, ei- 
ther thro' want of Knowledge or Negledl in difcovering a decent 
Carriage at their Departure, have appear'd very aukward Figures to Perfons 
of polite Behaviour; therefore this Fourth Figure is defign'd to re- 
prefent the Complement in Retiring, and the proper Defcription of it 
may inform fuch carelefs Perfons how to demean themfelves for the future 
in this particular. 


The Complement Retiring. 

^^^^^ E firm on the right Foot with a ftrait Knee to fhew the Shape 
of the Leg in the heft Manner, the left Leg turn'd, as in this 
Figure, with the Knee ftrait and the Foot refting lightly on it's 
Ball, the Heel not touching the Ground ; then by Degrees and equal Mo- 
tion the Knee muft bend, and the left Leg be eafily drawn back, and the 
Heel coming to the Ground the Body muft recover on that Leg, and give 
the right Leg liberty to move ; the Body muft be quite eafy, the Head in- 
clining forwards, the Eyes downcaft at the Time of Bowing, and raifed as 
the Head rifes, then look with becoming Modefty at the Perfon or Com- 
pany and retire, inclining the Body the Way you go, for if otherwife it ^ 
will confufe and fpoil the intended Complement j one Bow is enough in 
Retiring, and many are rather troublefome than obliging, by compelling 
a Return of fuperfluous Complements. 

I T 


T is a necefTary Accomplifhment in a young Gentleman to attain 
^ E^8 ( ^^^^ agreeable Difpofition of Body and Limbs ) the proper 
^^^^J Manner of Offering or Receiving. This Fifth Figure, 
with its Defcription, is therefore intended to fhew the true and eafy Manner 
of performing this Complement. 

A V^S. V^* t^A C'^A «.<^, 


To Offfr or Receive. 

H E Head, and the Body to the Waift, muft incline forwards 
in a circular, eafy Motion, and the Body muft reft oja (he left 
Leg, that Knee bending, the right Knee flrait, and. t^ Ball of 
that Foot lightly touching the Ground j the right Arm muft bead at the 
Wrift and Elbow to appear a little Circular, as this Figure exprelTes, but 
at the Time of Offering or Receiving, the Arrn muft be extended, 
and the Look directed to the Hand offer'd to, or receiving from, then draw 
the Hand back, and a little Circular, as above defcribed, and from that At- 
titude let it fall gently into its proper Place ; the left Arm ftiould fall gently 
by the Side, holding the Hat in a carelefs, light, and eafy Manner. If you 
ftay, draw the right Leg fidcways, rife upon the left Foot and ftand firm ; 
if you retire, raife the Body and draw the right Foot behind the left, which 
will finifti the Bovy properly for retreating with- becoming-^ Decency j it is- 
alfo proper to ufe the left Leg in the fame Manner as the right in advancing 
or retiring, the right, at the fame Time, performing the Adlions of the 
left, as abovemention'd. 

a T 


H E Sixth and Last Figure is defign'd to fhew the proper 
Habit, Attitudes and agreeable Movements ufed in Dancing 
the Minuet, and fo to conclude this TREATISE with 
that Defcription, 

Dancing the Minuet. 

H E Hat ( of a proper Size and Fafliion ) fliou'd be plac'd firm, 
yet eafy on the Head, fo as to cover the Eyebrows, and the 
Point turning, fo as to be diredtly above the left Eye. In per- 
forming the Minuet, the Look, with becoming Modefty, muft be di- 
rected to the Partner J the right Arm muft rife with a fmooth, eafy Motion, 
the left Arm rife in the fame Time fideways at the Diftance, as ( in Propor- 
tion) is fhewn by this Figure, the right Arm muft bend at the Elbow and 
Wrift, with the Fingers a little feparated, and the Palms of both Hands 
fhewn ( as in this Figure ) and it is to be obferved, that by raifing the left 
Arm in Manner as the right is above defcribed, the proper Adlion of giving 
both Hands in a Minuet is to be perform'd, and not otherwife ; and the 
Body being eredt and refting on the left Foot, gives the right Foot (which 
lightly refts on its Ball) the eafy and genteel Movement in Dancing.